Täiendatud 29.05.2020

Kuidas mõjutab COVID-19 puhang meie ühiskonda ja majandust? Mida teeb Euroopa Liit (EL) kriisi mõjude leevendamiseks? Kuidas olla valmis kriisijärgseks majanduse taastumiseks?

Tutvustame valikut teemakohaseid vaba juurdepääsuga veebilehti, võrguväljaandeid, artikleid, e-raamatuid, infograafikat.

ELi institutsioonide veebilehed


  • Baldwin, Richard ; Weder di Mauro, Beatrice. Economics in the Time of COVID-19 
    COVID-19 may be as contagious economically as it is medically. This eBook addresses some key questions: How, and how far and fast, will the economic damage spread? How bad will it get? How long will the damage last? What are the mechanisms of economic contagion? And, above all, what can governments do about it?
  • Baldwin, Richard ; Weder di Mauro, Beatrice. Mitigating the COVID Economic Crisis: Act Fast and Do Whatever It Takes
    Leading economists from around the world are calling for swift policy action to mitigate the economic damage from the global pandemic. In this second eBook on the coronavirus from CEPR and Vox, the experts are unanimous that the case for decisive and coordinated fiscal stimulus is overwhelming.
  • Bénassy-Quéré, Agnès ; Weder di Mauro, Beatrice. Europe in the Time of Covid-19
    There is no doubt that the Covid crisis represents a challenge for European unity and another crash test for the euro. This eBook brings together a collection of Vox columns proposing and analysing the appropriate responses to ‘flatten the economic recession curve’ and to safeguard the most impacted groups from the economic fallout of the health crisis.


  • Brendebach, Jonas ; Poiares Pessoa Maduro, Luis Miguel ; Tassinari, Fabrizio
    The EU response to the COVID-19 pandemic : achieving relevance, mobilising solidarity and preparing for the future // European University Institute.
    On March 27th, 2020, the EUI’s School of Transnational Governance gathered eighteen reputed social scientists, public health experts, and policy makers in a virtual workshop to discuss the short and medium-term implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on the European Union (EU). The crisis’ impact already reverberates deeply and widely in the European political sphere, social fabric and economic architecture. In spite of health being an exclusive Member State competence, EU institutions have been asked to respond to the immediate health threat presented by the contagion and to foresee and address consequences for the European economy and key policy areas of the Union, from the monetary union to the free movement of people.
  • Democracy in Intensive Care? / Democracy Reporting International (11.05.2020)
    The covid-19 pandemic raises several fundamental questions on democracy and political participation. This briefing paper is the result of discussions that took place across our organisation and focuses on challenges where DRI operates in Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and Europe. In this paper, we examine measures taken by democratic and authoritarian governments, and emphasizes the importance of strengthening fundamental rights and freedoms as well as democratic institutions.
    The role of experts is examined: while they are essential to identify threats and possible remedies, elected politicians need to retain their ultimate decision-making powers to maintain accountability and responsibility. Moreover, the state of emergency is acknowledged as a tool of international law to protect citizens during crises. Its recent misuse to weaken checks and balances and political opposition, highlights that it needs to be temporary and limited.
  • Dermine, Paul ; Markakis, Menelaos, The EU Fiscal, Economic and Monetary Policy Response to the COVID-19 Crisis // EU Law Live, Weekend Edition (2020) nr 11, lk. 7-14.
    In this contribution, we assess the main measures, already taken or currently contemplated by the EU, in reaction to the COVID-19 crisis to mitigate its impact on Eurozone economies. The discussion begins with the recent monetary policy decisions taken by the ECB (1). The focus then shifts to the strategy deployed on the economic and fiscal side. We analyze (2) the coordination of national fiscal responses and their accommodation under the rules of the Stability and Growth Pact, (3) the role of the European Stability Mechanism, and (4) joint debt instruments.
  • European Journal of Risk Regulation. Special Issue: Taming COVID-19 By Regulation
    COVID-19 represents not only one of the greatest natural and economic disasters in human history, but also a rich case study of government’s emergency response. As such, it is a test bed for risk research and regulatory theories in a world increasingly shaped by transboundary, uncertain manufactured and natural risks.
    While it is obviously too early to come to definitive conclusions, the contributions collected – in record-time – in this special issue of the European Journal of Risk Regulation attempt at providing an initial analysis of the surprisingly uncoordinated, at times unscientific, response to an essentially foreseeable event like a novel coronavirus (nCoV) in a geopolitically shattered world.
  • Fernandes, Nuno. Economic Effects of Coronavirus Outbreak (COVID-19) on the World Economy.
    This report discusses the economic impact of the Coronavirus/COVID-19 crisis across industries, and countries. It also provides estimates of the potential global economic costs of COVID-19, and the GDP growth of different countries. The current draft includes estimates for 30 countries, under different scenarios.
  • Italian Labour Law e-Journal. Special Issue: Covid-19 and Labour Law. A Global Review (2020) nr. 15.
    This special issue of the Italian Labour Law e-Journal intends to provide a systematic and informative overview on the measures set out by lawmakers and/or social partners in a number of countries of the world to address the impact on the Covid-19 emergency on working conditions and business operations. The aim is to understand which labour law norms and institutions and which workplace arrangements are being deployed in the different legal systems to tackle the global health crisis. Another aim is to find whether and to what extent the established body of laws is proving able to cope with the problems raised by the current extraordinary situation or whether, on the contrary, new special regulations are being introduced. The national reports may be subject to updating in case of major changes.
  • Kanter, Caroline ; Bohnet, Henri ; Galetti, Nino ; Hofmeister, Wilhelm. Europas Süden und das Corona-Hilfsprogramm der EU / Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (27.04.2020)
    Am 23. April haben sich die europäischen Staats- und Regierungschefs via Videokonferenz auf ein milliardenschweres Corona-Hilfspaket geeinigt. Darüber hinaus – so die gemeinsame Sichtweise – sei ein gemeinsames Konjunkturprogramm notwendig. Über die Ausgestaltung dieses Instruments herrscht derzeit jedoch noch Uneinigkeit zwischen den Mitgliedsstaaten. (Detaillierte Informationen hierzu liefert der aktuelle Ratsbericht des KAS-Europabüros). Im Vorfeld des Europäischen Rats waren vor allem im durch die Krise besonders betroffenen Süden Europas die möglichen Hilfsinstrumente politisch diskutiert worden. Wie wurden dort nun die Ergebnisse dieses EU-Gipfels von Politik und Gesellschaft aufgenommen?
  • Verhofstadt, Guy. The Union and COVID-19: Is there a future after failure? // European Policy Centre.
    Is there a link between governance systems and the ability to act? Could the EU do better in times of crisis? And is the right level of response national or transnational?
  • Vihriälä, Vesa ; Holmström, Bengt ; Korkman, Sixten ; Uusitalo, Roope. Talouspolitiikan strategia koronakriisissä/ Valtioneuvosto (8.05.2020)
    Raportissa esitetään arvio koronakriisin vaikutuksista ja toimenpiteistä, joilla Suomen taloudelle aiheutuvia vaurioita voidaan pienentää ja palauttaa Suomi kestävän kasvun, korkean työllisyyden ja kestävän julkisen talouden uralle.

Võrguväljaanded ja mõttekodade teemalehed



COVID-19 ja Eesti majandus


Foto: Rebecca Holm, Pixabay